Service of IZh 2126
1. General information
2. Engine UEPA-331
3. VAZ-2106 engine
4. Cooling system
5. Power supply system
6. Carburetor
7. System of ignition of the engine UEPA-331
8. System of ignition of the VAZ-2106 engine
9. System of production of the fulfilled gases
10. Coupling
11. IZh-2126 transmission
12. VAZ-21074 transmission
13. Cardan transfer
14. Zadny Bridge
15. Forward suspension bracket
16. Back suspension bracket
17. Steering
18. Brake system
19. Electric equipment
20. Body
21. System of ventilation and heating
22. Features of a design of the IZh-2717 car
23. Appendix
23.1. Diagnostics of malfunctions of the engine and its systems
23.2. Diagnostics of malfunctions of coupling
23.3. Diagnostics of malfunctions of the transmission
23.4. Diagnostics of malfunctions of cardan transfer, back bridge, running gear, steering and brake system
23.5. Diagnostics of malfunctions of a body
23.6. Diagnostics of malfunctions of the generator
23.7. Diagnostics of malfunctions of the rechargeable battery
23.8. Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of ignition
23.9. Diagnostics of malfunctions of a starter
23:10. Diagnostics of malfunctions of a washer of a windshield
23:11. Diagnostics of malfunctions of a screen wiper
23:12. Diagnostics of malfunctions of lighting and light alarm system
23:13. Diagnostics of malfunctions of control lamps and devices
23:14. Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of heating and ventilation
23:15. Moments of an inhaling of threaded connections
23:16. A specification for adjustments and control
23:17. The lamps applied on the car
23:18. The applied fuel, lubricants and operational liquids
24. Care of a car body
 










23-4-diagnostika-neispravnostejj-kardannojj-peredachi-zadnego-mosta-khodovojj-chasti.html

23.4. Diagnostics of malfunctions of cardan transfer, back bridge, running gear, steering and brake system

(Malfunctions of other systems with similar signs are also mentioned in this section. They are designated by a x symbol)

Knock at start-off

Fastening of the elastic coupling to its flange on secondary to a transmission shaft weakened

Tighten fastenings

Fastening of a flange of the driveshaft to a flange of the leading gear wheel of the main transfer weakened

Tighten the fastenings which are worn out самоконтр€щиес€ nuts replace

Wear of shlitsevy connection of the driveshaft with its flange or cardan hinges

Proshpritsuyte shlitsevy connections by SHRUS-4, Fiol-1 or Litol-24 lubricant. Replace worn-out hinges or a shaft assembled

The gap in gearing of gear wheels of the main transfer is big, their teeths are worn-out

Adjust a side gap in gearing of gear wheels. Replace worn-out gear wheels

The gap in gearing of gear wheels of the main transfer because of weakening of a nut of fastening of a flange of the leading gear wheel is broken

Tighten a nut the recommended moment, if necessary install the new expansion plug

Break of bars of a back suspension bracket or their arms, destruction of saylent-blocks

Replace bars, weld arms

The inhaling of wheel bolts is weakened

Tighten bolts the ordered moment

Brake shoes stuck or froze to a drum

Is not malfunction. Do not use the parking brake at the long parking of the car

Peeling of a brake slip from the block basis

Replace a block (better at the same time everything on one axis)

Breakage of a spring of a suspension bracket

Replace a spring (better to change at once both springs of a suspension bracket - left and right)

"x \Coupling is faulty

See. "Diagnostics of malfunctions of coupling", page 253

"x \Lost elasticity or support of the power unit collapsed or their fastening weakened

Replace support, tighten fastenings

Noise at movement of the car along the flat highway

Bearings of the main transfer are worn-out, their pretightness is broken, landing (uniform noise weakened from the back bridge)

Replace worn-out bearings, the expansion plug, adjust a pretightness <HUNDRED> (see. "Zadny Bridge", page 144)

Teeths of gear wheels of the main transfer are worn-out, the side gap in gearing, teases on teeths is broken: "howl" from the back bridge, decreasing or disappearing at decrease in loading (an otpuskaniye of a pedal of "gas")

Replace worn-out gear wheels, adjust a side gap <HUNDRED>

Fastening of the conducted gear wheel to a differential box (a gear wheel beating) weakened

Tighten threaded connections (it is possible to use sealant for carvings), replace worn-out gear wheels (couple)

Wear of bearings of half shafts or bearings of naves of forward wheels

Replace bearings

The bearing of an intermediate support of the driveshaft is worn-out

Replace the bearing

Imbalance of cardan transfer

Check, whether on the place lock rings of bearings of crosspieces. Balance cardan transfer on HUNDRED or replace

Uneven wear or peeling of a protector, deformation of the tire, rim

Replace a wheel

The wheel touches the flap or a wheel arch (especially on the loaded car)

Check and adjust the angles of installation of wheels, replace the deformed suspension bracket details which sank springs. Do not overload the car. Use wheels of the dimension recommended by the manufacturer

Wheel bolts touch details of a back brake

Use bolts according to wheel disk thickness

Details of brake mechanisms touch a brake disk / reel

Sort knot, replace faulty details

The inhaling of bolts of fastening of a wheel weakened

Tighten bolts, at deformation of a wheel - replace a wheel

Peeling of a brake slip from the block basis

Replace a block (better at the same time everything on one axis)

"x \Malfunctions of the engine, coupling, transmission

See appropriate sections of "Diagnostics"

Knocks, scratches at the movement on off road terrain

The car is overloaded

Do not overload the car. Distribute freight evenly (use passenger salon)

Shock-absorbers are faulty, their fastenings weakened, rubber pillows wore out

Replace the shock-absorber (better at the same time both on one axis), rubber pillows

Destruction of the buffer of the course of compression of a forward suspension bracket or buffer of back

Replace buffers/buffers

Draft or breakage of a spring of a suspension bracket

Replace springs

The break of bars of a back suspension bracket or arms of their fastening, are destroyed saylent-blocks

Replace bars, weld arms

The final system is incorrectly collected or deformed: its details touch the road or the driveshaft

Replace final system or change the provision of its elements (taking into account the suspension bracket course)

Spherical support of a forward suspension bracket are worn out or are not greased

Having hung out forward wheels, be convinced of what did not jam spherical fingers. Put fresh ShRB-4 lubricant in covers or replace hinges

Saylent-blocks of a forward suspension bracket are worn-out or destroyed

Replace saylent-blocks

Fastening of levers of a suspension bracket to a stretcher weakened

Tighten threaded connections

Fastening of a stretcher to body longerons weakened

Tighten threaded connections

Fastening of a steering wheel on a shaft, a steering column to pedal knot, a case of a steering rack to a stretcher weakened

Tighten threaded connections

Knock in the steering mechanism: strong wear or destruction of working surfaces of a gear wheel and lath, is not adjusted a gap in gearing, there is no lubricant in a case of a steering rack

Replace worn-out details, adjust a gap in gearing of a gear wheel and lath, add lubricant

Suspension bracket elements (levers, stabilizer bar), steering drafts are bent. Fastening of details of a suspension bracket weakened

Correct the deformed details or replace. Tighten threaded connections

Rubber pillows of fastening of final system, collar of fastening of a reception pipe to an arm on the transmission are torn off or lost

Establish new pillows, a collar

"x \Lost elasticity or support of the power unit collapsed

Replace support

Fastening of a plate of a half shaft and brake board to a beam of the back bridge weakened

Tighten threaded connections

Pressure in tires is big

Establish normal pressure

Noise or clicks in the back bridge at turns of the car or at pro-slipping of one of driving wheels

Teeths of satellites or semi-axial gear wheels are worn-out or broken

Adjust an axial gap of semi-axial gear wheels, replace strongly worn out or damaged details

Knock, scratches at turns of the car

Bolts of fastening of a wheel weakened

Tighten bolts, at deformation of a wheel Ч replace a wheel

Teeths of satellites or semi-axial gear wheels are worn-out or damaged

Replace the worn-out or broken details

Hard rotation of satellites on an axis or the axis in the differential case

And in openings of satellites smooth out agnails on an axis a file, replace the worn-out and deformed details

Wear of a spherical (internal) surface of the case of differential

Replace the case of differential or differential assembled

Jamming of semi-axial gear wheels in the differential case

Replace the worn-out and deformed details. Establish by selection of basic washers an axial gap of gear wheels of 0-0,10 mm, controlling the moment of resistance to rotation (see. "Zadny Bridge", page 144)

Malfunction of the bearing of a half shaft

Replace the bearing

Breakage of a spring of a suspension bracket

Replace springs

Break of bars of a back suspension bracket or arms of their fastening, destruction of saylent-blocks

Replace bars, weld arms

Noise, scratch, clicks from a forward suspension bracket at pro-slipping of one of wheels

The inhaling of bolts of fastening of a wheel weakened

Tighten bolts, at damage of openings under bolts in a wheel Ч replace a wheel

The raised axial side play of a wheel (strong wear of bearings of forward wheels or weakening of a nut of a nave)

Tighten a wheel nave nut, if necessary replace the bearing

The wheel touches the flap (especially on the loaded car)

Check and adjust the angles of installation of wheels, replace the deformed suspension bracket details which sank springs. Do not overload the car. Use wheels and tires of the recommended dimension

Breakage of a spring of a suspension bracket

Replace springs

Spherical support of a forward suspension bracket are worn out or are not greased

Having hung out forward wheels, be convinced of what did not jam spherical fingers. Put fresh ShRB-4 lubricant in covers

Saylent-blocks of a forward suspension bracket are worn-out or destroyed

Replace saylent-blocks

Fastening of the lever to a stretcher weakened

Tighten threaded connections

Fastening of a stretcher to body longerons weakened

Tighten threaded connections

Fastening of a steering column to pedal knot, a case of a steering rack to a stretcher weakened

Tighten threaded connections

The knock in the helmsman's mechanism upravleniya:silny wear or destruction of working surfaces of a gear wheel and lath, is not adjusted a gap in gearing, there is no lubricant in a case of a steering rack

Replace faulty details, adjust a gap in gearing of a gear wheel and lath, add lubricant

Suspension bracket elements (levers, stabilizer bar), steering drafts are bent

Correct the deformed details or replace

Vibration at the movement of the car

"x \Vibration from the power unit

See. "Strong vibration of the engine" in the section "Diagnostics of Malfunctions of the Engine and Its Systems", page 239

The increased imbalance of forward wheels, deformation of the tire or its uneven wear, deformation of a wheel (the steering wheel "beats")

Balance the wheels deformed or with uneven wear of the tire, replace the deformed wheels

Strong imbalance of back wheels, deformation of the tire or its uneven wear, deformation of a wheel (vibration of a back of the car)

Balance the wheels deformed or with uneven wear of the tire, replace the deformed wheels

Deformation of driveshafts / shaft, loss of balancing small weights (plates)

Repair cardan transfer on HUNDRED with the subsequent dynamic balancing or replace

Big side play of a crosspiece in the cardan hinge, loss of a lock ring from a bearing case pro-point

Check existence of lock rings in pro-points of cases of bearings, axial movement of a crosspiece. Replace worn-out details

Fastening of flanges of cardan transfer weakened

Tighten threaded connections

Uneven wear or peeling of a protector, deformation of the tire, rim

Replace a wheel

Rocking of the car on the road

The shock-absorber is faulty

Replace shock-absorbers

Vibration when braking

Deformation of a brake disk

Replace a disk (better with couple)

The raised axial side play of a wheel (strong wear of the bearing of a forward wheel or weakening of an inhaling of a nut of a nave)

Tighten a wheel nave nut, if necessary replace the bearing

Ovality of the brake drum

Pierce or replace a drum

The piston in the back wheel cylinder is jammed

Replace the cylinder

The overlay of a brake shoe exfoliated from the basis

Replace a block (better at the same time everything on one axis)

The coupling spring of back brake shoes weakened or is broken

Replace a spring

Scratch, squeal when braking

Extreme wear of brake slips

Replace brake shoes (better at the same time everything on one axis)

Inclusion in material of an overlay of foreign debris (sand)

As a rule, does not demand intervention (it is possible to clear slips a metal brush)

Poor quality of material of a slip

Replace blocks

Jamming of the piston of the forward brake mechanism or guide of a support

Replace the cylinder assembled, clear of dirt and grease with graphitic lubricant support guides

Existence of deep flutes on a brake disk (because of poor quality of material of a disk and/or a slip)

(Pierce) Proshlifuyte or replace a disk, replace blocks

The overlay of a brake shoe exfoliated from the basis

Replace blocks

The coupling spring of back brake shoes weakened or is broken

Replace a spring

Braking with blocking of wheels

Not to peretormazhivayta, use the tires corresponding to traffic conditions

The increased brake pedal course (the pedal "soft" or "fails")

Availability of air in the brake system, leak of brake fluid through thinnesses of connections of a hydraulic actuator, damage of cuffs to the main brake cylinder, pressure regulator, damage of brake tubes and hoses

Examine all highways, their threaded connections and cylinders, eliminate leakage. Restore the normal level of liquid in a brake tank and pump over system. At detection of damages of brake hoses (cracks, swellings or traces of brake fluid) replace hoses. At suspicion on defects of the main brake cylinder replace it with obviously serviceable

Rubber cuffs of cylinders because of hit in brake fluid of oil, gasoline, etc. inflated.

Replace cylinders, hoses, completely merge brake fluid, wash out system fresh liquid and pump over

Overheat of brake mechanisms

Let's cool down to brakes. Check thickness of slips and brake disks. Apply only brake fluids recommended by manufacturer in system. In time replace brake fluid

The gap between blocks and a drum is increased (the device of automatic control of a gap does not work)

Replace the wheel cylinder, pump over system

Raised (more than 0,15 mm on edge) a beating of a brake disk

Replace a disk

One of contours of the working brake system does not work

Eliminate leak of liquid from the brake system, pump over system

The brake pedal course within norm (a pedal "rigid"), but stops the car badly

Oiling of brake disks, drums, slips

Clear greasy disks and drums special structure, replace blocks (as a last resort smooth out on a sandpaper). It is strictly forbidden to clear blocks solvents! Remove the cause of oiling (replace a half shaft epiploon)

On a surface of slips the ice or salt crust was formed (winter); slips became wet

In a start of motion, at a small speed check brakes. During a rain and after journey of deep pools dry brakes easy pressing a brake pedal

Poor quality of material of slips

Replace blocks (better at the same time everything on one axis)

Obstruction of brake highways: tubes (because of dents) or hoses (because of swelling or stratification of rubber)

Replace the damaged tubes and hoses

Jamming of the piston in the cylinder, blocks in a support

Replace the cylinder, clear the contacting surfaces of blocks and a support, before installation grease them with SHRUS-4 or graphitic lubricant

Wear-out of brake slips (gnash of brakes)

Replace brake shoes (better at the same time everything on one axis)

The overlay of a brake shoe exfoliated from the basis

Replace a block (better at the same time everything on one axis)

Pressure regulator drive is incorrectly adjusted

Adjust the drive (see. "Brake system", page 174)

Pressure regulator is faulty

Replace the regulator

The vacuum amplifier is faulty or the hose, the connecting amplifier with an inlet pipe is untight

Check integrity of a hose, its landing on unions, an inhaling of collars. For check of the amplifier kill the engine, press 5-8 times a pedal of a brake and, holding a pedal of pressed, launch the engine. At the serviceable amplifier after launch of the engine the pedal has to "leave" noticeably forward. The faulty amplifier replace

Incomplete disinhibition of all wheels

The wrong provision of an adjusting bolt concerning a cover of the vacuum amplifier

The end face of a bolt has to act concerning a cover end face on 1,25-0.2mm

Rubber cuffs of cylinders because of hit in brake fluid of oil, gasoline, etc. inflated.

Replace cylinders, hoses, completely merge brake fluid, wash out system fresh liquid and pump over

The piston of the main cylinder is jammed (because of corrosion, breakage of returnable springs, hit in liquid of mechanical impurity)

Replace the main cylinder, pump over system

Jamming of a pedal of a brake: the returnable spring is broken or was extended, are strongly worn-out, pedal plugs, corrosion of an axis are not greased

Replace a faulty spring, plugs, put in them fresh lubricant Litol-24, TsIATIM-201,-221, Fiol-1U

Not disinhibition of one of wheels at the released brake pedal

Jamming of the piston of the wheel cylinder

Replace the cylinder

Rubber cuffs of cylinders because of hit in brake fluid of oil, gasoline, etc. inflated.

Replace cylinders, hoses, completely merge brake fluid, wash out system fresh liquid and pump over

Obstruction of brake highways: tubes (because of dents) or hoses (because of swelling or stratification of rubber)

Replace the damaged tubes and hoses

Peeling of an overlay of a back brake shoe

Replace a block (better at the same time everything on one axis)

The coupling spring of back brake shoes weakened or is broken

Replace a spring

Deformation of an expansion level, distortion of blocks because of deformation of brake boards

Correct or replace an expansion level, brake boards

Cherezmerno is tense or jammed in covers a cable of the drive of the parking brake

Adjust a cable tension, oil it engine, at damage and corrosion of a cover or a cable Ч replace details

Badly holds the parking brake

Wrong adjustment of the drive

Adjust the drive

The cable of the drive is jammed in covers

Oil a cable engine, at damages and corrosion of a cover or a cable Ч replace details

Returnable springs of branches of a cable are compressed against the stop

Accurately cut off 6-8 rounds of a spring. At strong wear of back brake shoes replace blocks

Brake drums, slips are greasy

Clear greasy disks and drums special structure, replace blocks (as a last resort smooth out on a sandpaper). It is strictly forbidden to clear blocks solvents! Remove the cause of oiling (replace a half shaft epiploon)

On a surface of slips the ice or salt crust was formed (winter); slips became wet

In a start of motion at a small speed check brakes. During a rain and after journey of deep pools dry brakes easy pressing a brake pedal

Wear-out of brake slips (gnash of brakes)

Replace brake shoes (better at the same time everything on one axis)

At an otpuskaniye of the lever of the parking brake of a wheel do not rastormazhivatsya

After the long parking of the car of a block stuck (or froze) to a drum

Pulling the lever or cables, try to turn a wheel carefully (not to break brake slips). Check ease of movement of cables in covers, pistons in wheel cylinders, rigidity of returnable springs of cables of the parking brake and coupling springs of blocks. At statement of the car on the parking whenever possible do not tighten a brake, and include transfer

Wrong adjustment of the drive of the parking brake

Adjust the drive

The cable of the drive is jammed in covers

Oil a cable engine, at damage and corrosion of a cover or a cable Ч replace details

Withdrawal of the car from the rectilinear movement (on the flat road)

Unequal pressure of air in tires

Establish normal pressure

Violation of angles of installation of forward wheels

Adjust corners

Considerable difference in wear of tires

Replace the worn-out tire on similar by the size and the drawing of a protector. Better Ч both tires on one axis

Unequal draft or breakage of springs of a suspension bracket

Replace both springs

Details of a suspension bracket and/or body of the car are deformed

Correct or replace the deformed details and panels of a body

Shift of a back axis because of break of bars of a back suspension bracket or arms of their fastening

Replace bars, weld arms

Podtormazhivany wheels because of jamming of the piston of the wheel cylinder

Replace the cylinder

Podtormazhivany a back wheel because of easing or breakage of a coupling spring of back brake shoes

Replace a spring

Obstruction of brake highways: tubes (because of dents) or hoses (because of swelling or stratification of rubber)

Replace the damaged tubes and hoses

Withdrawal or drift of the car when braking

Jamming of the piston of the wheel cylinder

Replace the cylinder

Obstruction of brake highways: tubes (because of dents) or hoses (because of swelling or stratification of rubber)

Replace the damaged tubes and hoses

Jamming of a wheel because of peeling of a slip from the basis of a brake shoe

Replace a block (better at the same time everything on one axis)

Oiling of brake disks, drums, slips

Clear greasy disks and drums special structure, replace blocks (as a last resort smooth out on a sandpaper). It is strictly forbidden to clear blocks solvents! Remove the cause of oiling (replace a half shaft epiploon)

On a surface of slips the ice or salt crust was formed (winter); slips became wet

In a start of motion, at a small speed check brakes. During a rain and after journey of deep pools dry brakes easy pressing a brake pedal

Deformation of a brake disk

Replace a disk (better with couple)

Ovality of the brake drum

Pierce or replace a drum

Different pressure in tires of the left and right wheels

Establish normal pressure

Considerable difference in wear of tires

Replace the worn-out tire

Unequal draft of springs of a forward suspension bracket

Replace both springs

The angles of installation of wheels are broken

Adjust the angles of installation of wheels

Bystry wear of a protector of tires

Pressure in tires differs from norm

Establish normal pressure

The angles of installation of forward wheels are broken

Adjust the angles of installation of wheels

High speed of the movement, start-off from the place with pro-slipping of wheels, braking "on a skid", passing of turns with a drift or demolition of wheels

Change style of driving. Check pressure in tires, the angles of installation of wheels, a condition of details of suspension brackets more often

The raised axial side play of a wheel (strong wear of the bearing of a forward wheel or weakening of an inhaling of a nut of a nave)

Replace the bearing

Hit on a protector of materials, aggressive in relation to rubber, - bitumen, oil, gasoline, solvents, acids, etc.

Replace the tire

Car overload

Do not overload the car

Uneven wear of a protector of tires

The raised imbalance of wheels

Balance wheels

Deformation of the tire, rim

Replace a wheel

Different pressure in tires

Establish normal pressure

The angles of installation of forward wheels are broken

Adjust the angles of installation of wheels

High speed of the movement in turns, their passing with a drift or demolition of wheels

Change style of driving. Check pressure in tires, the angles of installation of wheels, a condition of details of suspension brackets more often

The raised axial side play of a wheel (strong wear of the bearing or weakening of fastening of a nut of a nave)

Replace the bearing

Wear of hinges, deformation of details of a suspension bracket or body

Replace hinges, correct or replace the deformed suspension bracket details, longerons, body panels

Side play in steering (see also "The increased free wheeling of a steering wheel")

Replace worn-out hinges, tighten threaded connections, adjust a gap between a gear wheel and a lath in the steering mechanism

The increased free wheeling of a steering wheel

The gap between a gear wheel and a lath in the steering mechanism is big

Adjust a gap, at impossibility of adjustment replace the steering mechanism

Hinges of steering drafts are worn-out

Replace drafts

Fastenings of a case of a steering rack to a stretcher weakened

Tighten fastenings

The steering wheel rotates hardly

Gaps in the steering mechanism are not adjusted

Adjust gaps

Fingers of steering drafts are jammed

Replace drafts

The angles of installation of forward wheels are broken

Adjust corners

Emergency (wide) tires, wheels with a departure (ET) differing from recommended are installed

Use the wheels and tires recommended by manufacturer (see. "General information", page 7)

Low pressure in tires of forward wheels

Establish normal pressure

¬ыбег the car on the flat horizontal section of the road from the speed of 50 km/h less than 500 m (at air temperature not less than 20 ∞C and after the run not less than 20 km)

Snubbing of one or several wheels

See. "An incomplete disinhibition of all wheels" (page 258), "Nerastorma-zhivany one of wheels at the released brake pedal" (page 258)

The angles of installation of forward wheels are broken

Adjust the angles of installation of wheels

Low pressure of air in tires

Establish normal pressure

In the transmission or a reducer of the back bridge oil of inappropriate viscosity is filled in

Replace oil on recommended in the maintenance instruction

Oil leak

Epiploons are damaged or worn-out

Replace epiploons

Teases, risks on surfaces of shaft on which epiploons, a beating of shaft work

You zapilit small damages a file and polish. A new epiploon is possible a little (to 1 mm) to nedopressovat (having enclosed remote laying) that its edge worked by not worn-out part of a shaft. Replace the deformed details

Elevated pressure in a transmission case

Clean an opening of a main shaft of the Izh-2126 transmission or сапун VAZ-21074 transmissions

Traffic jams are leaky wrapped, laying is damaged

Tighten traffic jams, replace the damaged laying or put on sealant

The cap-type nut of the drive of a speedometer on the transmission is not tightened

Tighten a nut

On the shlitsevy end of the driveshaft lubricant traces are visible

The holder of an epiploon of shlitsevy connection of the driveshaft weakened (its petals were unbent)

Turn in petals of a holder or replace it, a proshpritsuyta connection with Fiol-1 lubricant, Fiol-2U or SHRUS-4

On the cardan hinge lubricant traces are visible

Epiploons of bearings of the cardan hinge are worn-out or damaged

Replace an epiploon or the cardan hinge assembled. At assembly in the hinge put Fiol-1 lubricant or Fiol-2U

On the shock-absorber are visible begin to flow liquids

Leak of liquid from the shock-absorber (because of wear of an epiploon of a rod, a sealing ring of the tank, забоин and damages of a chromic covering of a rod)

Insignificant "otpotevaniye" of the shock-absorber in the top part (if there are no potek) when saving its characteristics is not malfunction. It is possible to check shock-absorbers at the special stand or Ч it is rough Ч having shaken the car for a wing. No more than 1-2 free fluctuations of the car are allowed. At considerable leak of liquid and/or at efficiency loss (rocking of the car on the road) replace the shock-absorber


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23.3. Diagnostics of malfunctions of the transmission
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23.5. Diagnostics of malfunctions of a body